Ovarian Cysts Specialist

Metropolitan Women's Center

Gigi Hafizi, MD

OB-GYN located in Annandale, VA

Although most ovarian cysts are small and harmless, they have the potential to cause severe complications and may require treatment. At Metropolitan Women's Center in Annandale, Virginia, OB/GYN Gigi Hafizi, MD, diagnoses ovarian cysts with a convenient on-site ultrasound. When your cysts need treatment, Dr. Hafizi uses the most conservative therapy possible and offers minimally invasive laparoscopy if required. If you suspect you may have ovarian cysts, call or click online to book an appointment at Metropolitan Women's Center today.

Ovarian Cysts Q&A

What are ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts may sound scary, but they're a prevalent condition that most women experience at some point in their lives. These cysts are usually small, fluid-filled sacs that grow either on or inside your ovaries.

Most ovarian cysts don’t cause any symptoms and disappear on their own. However, some ovarian cysts grow large and lead to the following symptoms:

  • Pelvic pain
  • Bloating
  • Dull or sharp ache in your abdomen

Cysts that burst or bleed can create severe pain that comes on suddenly. In rare cases, a cyst may be cancerous.

If your ovaries are covered in clusters of small cysts, that may be a sign of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

What are the different types of ovarian cysts?

Types of ovarian cysts include:

Functional cysts

These are the most common type of ovarian cysts and develop during your menstrual cycle. Sometimes, when your ovary produces an egg, the follicle that releases it turns into a cyst. Functional cysts are small, harmless, and generally, disappear in six to eight weeks.


Also called dermoid cysts, teratomas grow from embryonic cells and may contain tissue such as skin, teeth, or hair. These cysts may be present at birth and continue to grow larger during your reproductive years. In rare cases, teratomas may be cancerous.


These cysts grow on the outer surface of your ovary and may become large. Most cystadenomas are non-cancerous


Endometriomas develop as a result of endometriosis, a condition that causes your uterine tissue to grow outside the uterus.

How do you diagnose and treat ovarian cysts?

First, Dr. Hafizi performs a pelvic exam. If she suspects you may have ovarian cysts, she may suggest an in-office ultrasound to confirm the diagnosis. Ultrasound produces images that show the exact size, shape, and location of your cysts.

If your cysts require treatment, Dr. Hafizi always begins with the most conservative therapies first. Depending on your situation, she may recommend the following therapies:

  • Monitoring the cyst with follow-up ultrasounds
  • Medication management
  • Laparoscopy

If your cysts don’t go away on their own or cause extreme pain, Dr. Hafizi may recommend surgery. She uses a specialized instrument called a laparoscope, which allows her to view your ovaries and remove the cysts with only a small incision.

If you think you might have ovarian cysts and want minimally invasive treatment, call Metropolitan Women’s Center or book an appointment online today.